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« Back to Chapter 7 | Go to Chapter 9 »
Chapter 8 (Revised August 2013)
Winter Operations and Salt, Sand, and Chemical Management
8. References

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Akbar, Kahlid, A. Headley, W. Hale and Mohammed Athar. A Comparative Study of De-icing Salts (Sodium Chloride and Calcium Magnesium Acetate) on the Growth of Some Roadside Plants of England. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management, Vol. 10, No. 1, March 2006. pp. 67-71.

Albright, M., 2005. Changes in water quality in an urban stream following the use of organically derived deicing products. Lake Reserv Manage. 21(1), 119-124.

Al-Qadi, I., Louizi, A., Flintsch, G., Roosevelt, D., Decker, R., Wambold, J., and Nixon, W. "Feasibility of Using Friction Indicators to Improve Winter Maintenance Operations and Mobility". NCHRP Web Document 53, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., November 2002.
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CTC & Associates. Limitations of the Use of Abrasives in Winter Maintenance Operations. Prepared for the Wisconsin Department of Transportation. 2008.

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CTC & Associates. Material Spreader Use in Winter Maintenance Operations: A Survey of State Practice. Clear Roads Pooled Fund Study, March 2010.

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Continue to Section 8 Appendix A»
 
Table of Contents
 
Chapter 8
Winter Operations and Salt, Sand, and Chemical Management
8.0 Introduction
8.1 Selecting Snow and Ice Control Materials to Mitigate Environmental Impacts
8.2 Reducing Sand Usage and Managing Traction Materials
8.3 Strategic Planning for Reduced Salt Usage
8.4 Stewardship Practices for Reducing Salt, Sand and Chemical Usage
8.5 Precision Application to Manage and Reduce Chemical Applications
8.6 Monitoring and Recordkeeping
8.7 Winter Operations Facilities Management
8.8 Training for Salt Management and Winter Maintenance Operations
  References
  Appendix A - Acronyms
   
Lists: Examples | Tables | Figures
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