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TERI Database

Research Idea Details

ID

566

Title

Plant/Soil Zones to Prevent Movement of Copper and Zinc from Roads

Focus Area

Invasive Species/Vegetation Management

Status

Archived

Cost

$100,000-249,000

Timeframe

1-2 years

Research Idea Scope

I. Research Problem Statement

Due to automobile braking, roadside sediments in heavily trafficked regions have high levels of copper and zinc compared to sediment quality. Recent use of bio-retention filters has reduced runoff of heavy metals from parking lots in Maryland. A pilot study is warranted to look at the effectiveness of different kinds of soil-plant buffer zones in preventing movement of copper and zinc from roadsides.

II. Objective
To investigate optimal soil-plant systems to immobilize copper and zinc. Laboratory experiments should include determining the importance of soil buffering capacity, organic matter content and pH and other physical and chemical characteristics that immobilize the heavy metals. Experiments also need to be conducted to identify plants that impede uptake of copper and zinc into the above ground shoots. Fieldwork should include evaluation of experimental bio-retention devices at roadside intersections where braking is heavy and where immobilization of copper and zinc would be most useful.

Urgency and Payoff

The goal of the proposed project is to identify protective and relatively low cost technologies (planting and soil amendments) to reduce cost for future transportation projects and ameliorate existing problems in copper and zinc movement from roads. A significant immediate benefit would be protection of aquatic life from copper pollution, since fish and crustaceans are very sensitive to copper. Longer-term benefits would include public health benefits, improvement of carbon sequestration, due to plant canopies and below ground growth, and prevention of erosion and associated benefits.

Suggested By

AFB40, Landscape and Environmental Design Committee, as specified in the TRB Research Needs Database, 2009. (Submitted to TRB Database 4/2007)

Posting Date

February 20, 2009

New - items posted in the last 7 days (30 days for TERI)

AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials)
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