This handbook is intended to introduce transportation practitioners to a method of integrating ecological interests into transportation planning to address natural resource conservation and restoration priorities at a regional scale, and to establish a more reliable and efficient delivery program for projects with partner agencies.

Issues covered in this Handbook include:

  • engaging resource and regulatory agencies as planning partners;
  • adopting an ecological framework for planning;
  • prioritizing resources for conservation and restoration;
  • developing a future transportation program in partnership with agencies and stakeholders to minimize impacts and direct mitigation efforts;
  • establishing programmatic agreements for project review, permitting, and mitigation crediting; and
  • maintaining the framework and the partnership

View Webinar
View Webinar Presentation

Download the Handbook

Handbook Resources

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). 2008. Practitioner’s Handbook 10: Using the Transportation Planning Process to Support the NEPA Process. Center for Environmental Excellence by AASHTO, Washington, DC.
View Handbook

Brown, Janice W. 2006. Eco-Logical: An Ecosystem Approach to Developing Infrastructure Projects. FHWA-HEP-06-011. Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.
https://www.environment.fhwa.dot.gov/ecological/eco_index.asp

Drechsler, M. and F. Watzold. 2009. “Applying tradable permits to biodiversity conservation: Effects of space-dependent conservation benefits and cost heterogeneity on habitat allocation.” Ecological Economics. 68(4): 1083-1092.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/23991071_Applying_Tradable_Pe
rmits_to_Biodiversity_Conservation_Effects_of_Space Dependent_Conserva
tion_Benefits_and_Cost_Heterogeneity_on_Habitat_Allocation

Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2008. “Compensatory Mitigation for Losses of Aquatic Resources.” Federal Register, Vol. 73, No. 70, Thursday, April 10, 2008.
http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/sea/wetlands/mitigation/banking/pdf/Fin
al_mitigation_rule_4_10_08.pdf

Executive Order 13274. “Environmental Stewardship and Transportation Infrastructure Project Reviews.” September 18, 2002. Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 184. September 23, 2002.
https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2002-09-23/pdf/02-24252.pdf

Executive Order 13604. “Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects.” March 22, 2012. Federal Register, Vol. 77, No. 60. March 28, 2012.
https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-03-28/pdf/2012-7636.pdf

Federal Highway Administration. 2011. FHWA Scenario Planning Guidebook. Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.
https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/scenario_and_visualization/scenario_
planning/scenario_planning_guidebook/

Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration. 2005. Linking the Transportation Planning and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Processes. Washington, DC.
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/hep/plannepa050222.pdf

Institute for Natural Resources, NatureServe, Parametrix, Inc., and CH2M HILL. 2012. An Ecological Approach to Integrating Conservation and Highway Planning, Volume 2. SHRP2 Report S2-C06-RW-2. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/166938.aspx

Murcia, C. 1995. “Edge effects in fragmented forests: implications for conservation.” Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 10(2): 58-62.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/49757343_Edge_Effects_in_Frag
mented_Forests_Implications_for_Conservation

Schwartz, M.W. 1999. “Choosing the appropriate scale of reserves for conservation.” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 30:83-108.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/223995601_Choosing_the_Approp
riate_Scale_of_Reserves_for_Conservation

Crist, S. Howie, M. Venner, J. Kagan, and L. Gaines. 2014. Manager’s Guide to the Integrated Ecological Framework. SHRP2 Report S2-C06-RW-4. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/shrp2/SHRP2_S2-C06-RW-4.pdf

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2008. Handbook for Developing Watershed Plans to Restore and Protect Our Waters. EPA 841-B-08-002, March 2008.
https://www.epa.gov/polluted-runoff-nonpoint-source-pollution/handbook
-developing-watershed-plans-restore-and-protect